Research Note: Barriers to Enacting Ambitious Climate Action for BC Municipalities

 Preliminary Findings and Recommendations

In 2018, the government of British Columbia (BC) set new climate action goals for its municipalities through the implementation of the CleanBC plan. Due to local governments’ role in urban planning, the BC Government believes that they are best positioned to make tangible climate action. Despite provincial support, many municipalities face barriers to climate action. This research note has identified six climate action barriers through nine interviews with municipal representatives and an analysis of current climate action policies, government documents and academic literature. These barriers include socio-cultural barriers, economic concerns, municipal budget complications, restrictive provincial legislation, confusion over split jurisdictions, and a lack of political will. Additionally, this research note proposes eight recommendations to address these barriers by targeting climate change knowledge, economic opportunities, and coordination with different levels of government.


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